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First appearance Super Mario Galaxy (2007)
Latest appearance Mario Golf: Super Rush (2021)
Species origin Star
Notable members
Baby Luma
Co-Star Luma
Lumalee (Luma Shop)


Lumas are cute star-like creatures that first appear in Super Mario Galaxy. Unlike most Stars, they have a rain drop-like shape, and come in many colors. They are much like Power Stars, but are more circular and have the ability to talk. The Lumas are all very friendly and assist Mario during his quest. Lumas have the ability to transform, from minor planetoids to entire galaxies, and according to Rosalina, some Lumas can even transform into Power Stars. They call Rosalina their "Mama". Most of them make their home with her in the Comet Observatory, and others live on Starship Mario following their leader Lubba. Their name comes form the Latin word for light, lumen, which is a reference to their future as stars. In Super Mario Galaxy 2, if the Co-Star Luma spins one, it will emit three Star Bits.

Paper Mario featured a similar species, called Star Kids. Like the Lumas, the Star Kids were young stars, who were raised on a special place to become real stars someday. They also possessed magical abilities, like the Lumas, and a very similar, childish behavior. In addition, Blue Lumas look similar to an item in Paper Mario: The Thousand-Year Door called Mini Mr. Mini.


Super Mario series

Super Mario Galaxy

In Super Mario Galaxy, various Lumas appear on the Comet Observatory and in different galaxies, and Mario is accompanied by a uniquely cream-colored Luma, who was given to him by Rosalina at the beginning of the game. Luma grants Mario the power to do spins. While he is the only cream-coloured Luma encountered by Mario, the Luma that transformed into the comet that Rosalina and the Lumas travel is shown to be the same colour in Rosalina's storybook's illustration.

Yellow Lumas transform into Sling Stars and Launch Stars (and possibly Power Stars) and are the most common variety. Red Lumas guard Red Stars. Green Lumas are the guardians of the Trial Galaxies and transform into green Launch Stars and Green Stars. Blue Lumas transform into Pull Stars. Pink Lumas transform into pink Launch Stars to get to hungry Luma galaxies. Lumalee, who is a large, light-blue Luma, hosts the Luma Shop. There is also another type of Luma that is pink, known as the Hungry Luma. The last type of Luma is the Lumacomète, which has the ability to move Prankster Comets.

In the end, all the Lumas (including Mario's Luma) throw themselves into the massive black hole created by Bowser's dying sun to neutralize it. However, Luma is reborn and living on a small planet while it is hinted that the other Lumas will be reborn later. Indeed, they appear in the sequel.

Super Mario Galaxy 2

A Giant Luma in Super Mario Galaxy 2.
Official artwork of a Giant Luma.

Lumas also appear in Super Mario Galaxy 2. Some time before the beginning of the game, Bowser attacked Lubba's ship, and many of the Lumas on board fell down to the Mushroom World. A large number of Lumas are shown to reside in Starship Mario, and their leader is Lubba. Hungry Lumas also appear; this time, they ask to be fed both Star Bits and Coins. Like in the last game, Lumas enjoy being fed Star Bits, and may thank the player if he or she decides to shoot star bits at them. There are exceptionally large species of Luma in the Supermassive Galaxy, called Giant Lumas. Additionally, Mario's companion Luma returns in this game; however, Mario doesn't seem to remember him, and he found the baby Luma when he crashed onto the Mushroom World.

Mario Kart Wii

In Mario Kart Wii, a Yellow Luma revolves Rosalina at all times. It makes tiny noises whenever Rosalina does a trick in the air. It has no effect on gameplay. For players that unlock Rosalina without a save data of Super Mario Galaxy, the Luma revolving around her will have straight edges instead of having a tear-dropped shape body.

Mario & Sonic at the London 2012 Olympic Games

Yellow Lumas appear in Mario & Sonic at the London 2012 Olympic Games in the Dream Spacewalk event. Here, they aid the athletes in defeating Dino Piranha. They first transform into Launch Stars that send the characters into space. Following this, they periodically appear to create rings that the athletes must all pass through in order to damage Dino Piranha.

Fortune Street

In Fortune Street, Lumas appear in the unlockable Good Egg Galaxy board.

Mario Tennis Open

A Luma makes its debut as a playable character in Mario Tennis Open. It is a Technique-type player and it can be unlocked by completing level 3 of the Galaxy Rally special game. Its racquet is turquoise with a picture of a Luma on it. Red, Green, and Turquoise Lumas appear in the background of the Galaxy Arena court. Also if the player is playing as Luma while playing the Galaxy Rally game, the opponent Luma will be blue.

Mario Party: Island Tour

Lumas make their Mario Party debut in Mario Party: Island Tour for the Nintendo 3DS. Yellow Lumas populate the space-themed board Star-Crossed Skyway where players travel from one space to another in small spaceships.

Color Variations

Lumas come in a variety of different colors, some of which have abilities to help Mario/Luigi on his adventure.

Color Description
Yellow Luma Transforms into a Launch Star or Sling Star. Giant ordinary yellow Lumas appear in Super Mario Galaxy 2.
Blue Luma Transforms into a Pull Star.
Pink Luma Hungry Lumas that transform into new planets or galaxies before leaving behind pink Launch Stars.
Apricot Luma The Luma companion who grants Mario the ability to spin is the only known apricot-colored Luma.
Green Luma Four of them are found on the Planet of Trials after the Green Power Stars are collected.
Turquoise Luma Lumalees that sell Life Mushrooms and 1-Up Mushrooms to Mario/Luigi. Ordinary Lumas of this color can also be seen in the Galaxy Arena court in Mario Tennis Open.
Red Luma The Luma that allows Mario to use the power of the Red Star on the Comet Observatory and the one in the ending sequence in Super Mario Galaxy 2 are the only known red-colored Lumas.
Purple Luma Lubba, the leader of the Lumas, and the Lumacomète, that gives Mario information about Prankster Comets and moves them between galaxies, are the only known purple-colored Lumas.
Dark Brown Luma Polari, Rosalina's companion, who gives Mario/Luigi access to the galaxy map in Super Mario Galaxy is the only known dark brown-colored Luma.
Orange Luma The Co-Star Luma, who serves as the Player 2 character and the one found on Starship Mario in Super Mario Galaxy 2 are the only known orange-colored Lumas.

Game appearances

Main article: List of Luma Appearances

Official Statistics and Profiles

Mario Tennis Open

Character Type: Technique
Site Bio: Luma joins Mario Tennis for the first time! Luma floats through the air, aiming shots toward the far corners of the court.
Bio 2: Luma has come down from the night sky to make his Mario Tennis debut! Though he may look gentle and fluffy, his clinical shots head straight for the corners of the court!


For this subject's image gallery, see Luma/gallery.

Names in Other Languages

Language Name Meaning
Japanese チコ
Similar to chikkou, the Japanese word for phosphorescence or luminescence
Chinese 琪琪
奇可 (Traditional)
Transliteration of the Japanese name
Dutch Luma -
French (American) Chiko From the Japanese name
French (Europe) Luma -
German Luma -
Italian Sfavillotto
Korean 치코
From the Japanese name
Portuguese Luma -
Spanish Destello Twinkle